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TURKEY’S ROLE IN STRENGTHENING BAKU’S COUNTER-TERRORISM CAPACITY: CAN A SOFT APPROACH WORK?

Nijat Eldarov

Turkey, Azerbaijan and Georgia continue to work together in the fight against terrorism and violent extremism. The three nations have agreed to hold joint military exercises, strengthen law-enforcement cooperation, collaborate on improving cyber-resilience, and increase interoperability between their militaries to prevent terror attacks in the region. (more…)

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The Far Right Honeytrap: Georgian Media and the Mediagenic Far Right

Tamta Gelashvili

The recent wave of far-right mobilization across the globe, including Georgia, naturally attracts wide media attention. Although the interrelation of the media and the far right, especially in the Georgian context, remains under-researched, evidence from other countries shows the potential impact of media coverage on both public opinion, i.e. the demand for the far right, and the consolidation of far-right actors, i.e. the supply of the far right. This policy paper examines the possible role the Georgian media can play in far-right mobilization and provides recommendations for both media and civil society organizations. (more…)

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The Turkey-Russia Power Play Unfolding: Can Georgia Weather the “Frenemies” Trap?

Ivanna Machitidze

The developments resulting from Russia and Turkey’s turbulent relations have been shaping the political, economic and security landscape in the post-Cold War South Caucasus for three decades already. For Georgia it is a necessity to pursue a delicate maneuver due to the circumstances of its strategic partnership with Turkey, while simultaneously struggling to address Russia’s assertive and uncompromising stance towards Tbilisi. (more…)

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Securing Energy Supply to Turkey: Should Ankara Continue to Invest into Azerbaijan’s Energy Sector?

Vugar Bakhshalizada

After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Turkey developed strong relations with newly independent states in the South Caucasus. Azerbaijan became the main destination for Turkish investments in the region due to Azerbaijan’s significant amount of proven hydrocarbon resources. To this end, Turkey has invested around $11.8 billion in Azerbaijan, including $9.1 billion to oil and gas development (Ministry of Economy of the Republic of Azerbaijan, 2018). (more…)

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Regional Cooperation in Electricity Sector: Challenges and Opportunities for Georgia

Mariam Chachua

This policy brief analyzes multiple paths Georgia may take to strengthen its energy security and enhance regional cooperation in the electricity sector. The growing demand for electricity has gradually increased the country’s dependency on imported energy and must prioritize investment into power generation. Because it is a small country with limited access to global energy markets, Georgia must be able to provide state-level guarantees and be able to ensure regional cooperation in order to attract necessary investments (more…)

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Cultural values or economic insecurity: What predicts mass support for right-wing populists?

Salome Minesashvili

Nation-wide surveys show that around 7% of Georgians identify with right-wing populist political parties. Among these parties, the Alliance of Georgian Patriots is already represented in the legislative body. What predicts support for such parties among individuals residing in Georgia? There are two major theories for the rising right-wing populism in the Western countries: cultural backlash and economic insecurity.  (more…)

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Large parties versus small parties in Georgia: Do party manifestos vary across parties?

Levan Kakhishvili

The manifestos of Georgian political parties are often overlooked by researchers. The documents are important because they offer insights into how parties position themselves and to what extent these positions are consistent with their claimed ideologies, however. An analysis of party manifestos and the results of the 2016 election can provide a baseline for the upcoming 2020 elections—as well as insightful recommendations for the competing political parties. (more…)

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Public Trust Towards Democracy and State Institutions: Influence of Populist Nationalist Groups

Gvantsa Davitashvili

Democratization of Georgia is challenged, inter alia, due to declining public trust to democracy and state institutions. In this discourse, increasing and intensive activities of populist nationalist groups introduce additional threat to development of democratic processes in the country. (more…)

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Resilience and democracy: Can a pragmatic EU still promote democracy in Georgia?

Bidzina Lebanidze

Strengthening resilience in EU neighborhood states is a cornerstone of Brussels’ new ambitious global agenda. It aims to strengthen the states and societies that make up the EU neighborhood so they can better cope with challenges and crisis and adapt to fast changing political, social and economic environment. (more…)

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Strategic Communication and Crisis Management: Analysing the Cases of Georgia and Lithuania

Levan Kakhishvili, Donatas Puslys

In the context of democratization and democratic consolidation, internal political crises, caused by either external shocks or dynamics in the domestic arena, pose a significant challenge to the stability of the Georgian political system. Such crises can jeopardize not only internal order but also Georgia’s relations with external actors. Consequently, analyzing the government strategies of crisis management and identifying lessons from failures or successes is key to improving the level of national resilience. (more…)

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