GIP commentary: The Treaty on Open Skies and the Causes of Russian-Georgian Confrontation

Mariam Grigalashvili What is the treaty on Open Skies? Access to neighboring states’ military intelligence data is an important element in international politics. In 1955, in order to obtain such information legally, the treaty on Open Skies was proposed. The aim of Open Skies, which was initiated...
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Mitigating Russia’s Borderization of Georgia: A Strategy to Contain and Engage

Kornely Kakachia, Levan Kakhishvili, Joseph Larsen, Mariam Grigalashvili Russia’s use of military, political, and informational tactics to manipulate unresolved conflicts is a dynamic process. One novel warfare tactic Russia has employed since 2009 is the “borderization” of Georgia’s territo...
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GIP Commentary: Syria’s Diplomatic Overture to Abkhazia

Mariam Grigalashvili On September 27, a Syrian delegation paid a so-called “official” visit to Russian-occupied Abkhazia. The visit was preceded by a visit to Damascus by the de-facto authorities of Abkhazia. High-level officials attended both meetings. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Georgia...
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How Should Georgia Respond to Russia’s Borderization?

What tools are available for Georgia to respond to Russia’s borderization of the administrative boundary lines demarcating Abkhazia and South Ossetia? What is the most appropriate and effective response for Georgia to take? On July 3, Russian soldiers moved the barbed wire fence demarcating th...
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Protracted Conflicts in the OSCE Area

Working Group: Bidzina Lebanidze, Philip Remler (Principal Drafter), Atanas Dimitrov , Samuel Goda , Konstanze Jüngling , Nino Kemoklidze , Ida Manton and others This project aims to provide a menu of innovative ways in which the international community can engage with all sides in the four so-call...
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