Mitigating Russia’s Borderization of Georgia: A Strategy to Contain and Engage

Kornely Kakachia, Levan Kakhishvili, Joseph Larsen, Mariam Grigalashvili Russia’s use of military, political, and informational tactics to manipulate unresolved conflicts is a dynamic process. One novel warfare tactic Russia has employed since 2009 is the “borderization” of Georgia’s territo...
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Deterring Russia’s Borderization of Georgia

Joseph Larsen  “In the 21st century we have seen a tendency toward blurring the lines between the states of war and peace. Wars are no longer declared and, having begun, proceed according to an unfamiliar template.” – General Valery Gerasimov, Chief of the General Staff of the Russian Federat...
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How Should Georgia Respond to Russia’s Borderization?

What tools are available for Georgia to respond to Russia’s borderization of the administrative boundary lines demarcating Abkhazia and South Ossetia? What is the most appropriate and effective response for Georgia to take? On July 3, Russian soldiers moved the barbed wire fence demarcating th...
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