To Access GIP Policy Papers in Georgian, Please Change the Language of the Website

Right-wing Populism in Associated Countries: A Challenge for Democracy


This policy paper provides a structured comparative analysis of the nationalist populist actors, discourses and strategies in three Associated[1] Eastern Partnership (EaP) countries – Ukraine, Moldova and Georgia. It assesses the challenges of the radical right, nationalist populist groups on democratic developments in the Associated EaP countries: – the role of external actors, the tactics and policies used and how to deal with and manage this threat. The study was prepared by a group (more…)


Radicalization of Georgian Party Politics: in Search of Long-term Stability

Bidzina Lebanidze

The recent post-election crisis highlighted the role of political radicalization as a major challenge for Georgia’s fragile democracy. Political radicalization in Georgia undermines the process of democratic consolidation and weakens state institutions in the country by contributing to mistrust among political actors, political disengagement of the electorate, polarization of political trust, and a general lack of political legitimacy. The polarization of political trust and a lack of political legitimacy of key state institutions – first of all, the judiciary and central election commission (CEC) leave the country without effective crisis mediating institutions (more…)


The European Union’s New Role in Georgia: Successful Mediation and a Way Ahead

Levan Kakhishvili

Consolidation of democracy is a lengthy and turbulent process, in which political crises can be a recurrent phenomenon. For Georgia, aiming to apply for the membership in the European Union (EU) by 2024, it is politically costly to let crises become unmanageable. However, the current political crisis, which started in (more…)


Quest for Credible Elections in Georgia: Is “E” the Answer?

Shota Kakabadze

This policy paper discusses the idea of employing internet voting in elections in Georgia and all the advantages and disadvantages this offers. It engages with detailed analysis of the Estonian case as the only country that has been using E-voting nationwide for fifteen years, and then discusses its application in the Georgian context. (more…)


Black Sea Security Under Strain: Why the Stakes Are Higher After the Nagorno-Karabakh Ceasefire?

Ivanna Machitidze

The autumn war in Nagorno-Karabakh and the outcomes of the ceasefire turned unexpectedly into a gamechanger, with implications far beyond the South Caucasus. In the aftermath, the escalation of events created long lasting shifts in the region’s dynamics. (more…)


Why do Georgian Political Parties Struggle to Negotiate? Structural Disincentives to Compromise-Based Politics

Salome Minesashvili

The recent political crisis following the contested election results of October 2020 drove both the opposition and the ruling party into a deadlock for several months, with respective displays of drastic demands and stiff resistance. The fact that they have gone through several rounds of meetings – albeit only with international facilitation – shows that both sides considered some type of agreement, at least ostensibly. (more…)


Georgia After Karabakh: New Realities Demand New Answers

Dr. Grigol Gegelia

The Second Karabakh War has fundamentally reshaped the politics of the South Caucasus. While the influence of Russia and Turkey has expanded further, Iran has sought to secure its share of regional power, and Georgia has remained traditionally passive and neutral. (more…)


2020 Deliverables: How Strong is Strong Enough for Georgian Economy?

Tinatin Akhvlediani

In 2016, the EU and the EaP countries agreed on an ambitious agenda to deliver strengthened  economies by 2020. In line with this agenda, Georgia has developed an institutional and regulatory framework as foreseen by the Deliverables and has attracted mostly positive marks for its progress on reaching the 2020 Targets. However, in practice, the operational environment for the new regulatory frameworks remains weak and the country struggles to reap the benefits of aligning its laws with the EU. (more…)


One Step Forward – One Step Back: The Dilemma of State Resilience in the Absence of Coordinated Policy

Shalva Dzebisashvili

The following work is an attempt to provide a detailed review and assessment of Georgia’s security system in the context of resilience – a concept that has become highly prominent lately. The importance of this concept derives not only from objective circumstances (noticeably the worsened military-political (security) environment), but also the recognition of this principle as a cornerstone of security and defense capabilities by the EU and the North-Atlantic Alliance. (more…)


The Judiciary Reform in Georgia and its Significance for the Idea of European Integration

Tinatin Erkvania, Bidzina Lebanidze

The efficient functioning of the judiciary and justice system remains the Achilles’ heel of Georgia’s political system. While four recent waves of reforms have formally improved and refined the quality of the judiciary institutionally, these reforms have not influenced the efficiency and transparency of the judicial system in any practical sense. (more…)