Treaty on Open Skies: Could International Observation Flights be Canceled?

Mariam Grigalashvili The Treaty on Open Skies (OS) has been a source of tension between Russia and Georgia since 2010. While the issue is serious, the Treaty on Open Skies and the problems related to it are rarely publicly discussed since the agreement is confidential and very technical. It is worth...
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GIP commentary: The Treaty on Open Skies and the Causes of Russian-Georgian Confrontation

Mariam Grigalashvili What is the treaty on Open Skies? Access to neighboring states’ military intelligence data is an important element in international politics. In 1955, in order to obtain such information legally, the treaty on Open Skies was proposed. The aim of Open Skies, which was initiated...
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Mitigating Russia’s Borderization of Georgia: A Strategy to Contain and Engage

Kornely Kakachia, Levan Kakhishvili, Joseph Larsen, Mariam Grigalashvili Russia’s use of military, political, and informational tactics to manipulate unresolved conflicts is a dynamic process. One novel warfare tactic Russia has employed since 2009 is the “borderization” of Georgia’s territo...
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GIP Commentary: Syria’s Diplomatic Overture to Abkhazia

Mariam Grigalashvili On September 27, a Syrian delegation paid a so-called “official” visit to Russian-occupied Abkhazia. The visit was preceded by a visit to Damascus by the de-facto authorities of Abkhazia. High-level officials attended both meetings. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Georgia...
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Deterring Russia’s Borderization of Georgia

Joseph Larsen  “In the 21st century we have seen a tendency toward blurring the lines between the states of war and peace. Wars are no longer declared and, having begun, proceed according to an unfamiliar template.” – General Valery Gerasimov, Chief of the General Staff of the Russian Federat...
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What Has The United States Done for Georgia Lately?

Joseph Larsen* Most observers expected U.S. Vice President Mike Pence’s recent visit to Georgia to follow a tight script: Show up, reaffirm the U.S. commitment to Georgia’s sovereignty and territorial integrity, eat some khinkali and khachapuri, and leave. For the most part, that’s what Pence ...
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