26/10/2023 GIP

To Return or Not to Return: Perspectives for Returning to Nagorno-Karabakh



Publish Date:


Shujaat Ahmadzada

The military operations of September 19-20, 2023, have enabled Azerbaijan to establish complete control over Nagorno-Karabakh and restore its territorial integrity. Yet, within a brief timeframe, a mass exodus of the majority of the Armenian population in the region, totaling over 100,000 people, has taken place. Displaced Armenians are encountering significant challenges as they try to adapt to their new lives in Armenia, and are also contemplating the prospect of returning. At this critical juncture, this policy paper delves into the perspectives for a return to Nagorno-Karabakh and addresses the associated challenges. By doing so, it aims to contribute to fostering a constructive and reconciliatory public discourse between Armenians and Azerbaijanis.

Key words: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Nagorno-Karabakh, ethno-territorial conflict, displacement, return

Policy Brief #56 | December 2023

This publication was produced in cooperation with the Heinrich Boell Stiftung Tbilisi Office – South Caucasus Region. The contents of this publication are the sole responsibility of the author and can in no way be taken to reflect the views of the Heinrich Boell Stiftung Tbilisi Office – South Caucasus Region and the Georgian Institute of Politics.


© Cover Photo Credit: DAILY SABAH
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