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Turkey, Azerbaijan and Georgia continue to work together in the fight against terrorism and violent extremism. The three nations have agreed to hold joint military exercises, strengthen law-enforcement cooperation, collaborate on improving cyber-resilience, and increase interoperability between their militaries to prevent terror attacks in the region. This policy brief analyses Turkey’s role in developing Azerbaijan’s counter-terrorism capacity and posits that a gradual transition from a heavily securitized counter-terrorism strategy to a “softer” approach is necessary in order to eliminate the root causes of terrorism in the long term. Recommendations for such a transition include: the designation of an evidence-based counter-terrorism strategy in line with international human rights standards; the designation of prison de-radicalization and rehabilitation programs; the promotion of “population-centric” measures to increase socio-economic and ideological resilience; and the establishment of community engagement programs. Societal resilience should be approached as a process rather than an outcome, and is necessary for protection of systems from natural disasters and other external and internal shocks as well.