• Mikheil Sarjveladze is a visiting scholar at the German Institute for International and Security Affairs (SWP). At SWP he researches the foreign policy of the South Caucasian countries in the context of the disintegration of the post-Soviet space. Mikheil Sarjveladze holds a PhD in political science from the University of Cologne and a Master’s degree in politics and history of the 20th century from the University of Jena. Mikheil Sarjveladze studied German Language/Literature and Social Sciences at Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University and University of Gießen. He gained professional experience at the Universities of Jena and Cologne, the German Bundestag, the South Caucasus Office of the Konrad Adenauer Foundation and the Embassy of Georgia to the Federal Republic of Germany.

16/12/2021 Mikheil Sarjveladze

More responsibility or lack of interest? German Perspective on the South Caucasus after the Second Nagorno-Karabakh War

Author

  • Mikheil Sarjveladze is a visiting scholar at the German Institute for International and Security Affairs (SWP). At SWP he researches the foreign policy of the South Caucasian countries in the context of the disintegration of the post-Soviet space. Mikheil Sarjveladze holds a PhD in political science from the University of Cologne and a Master’s degree in politics and history of the 20th century from the University of Jena. Mikheil Sarjveladze studied German Language/Literature and Social Sciences at Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University and University of Gießen. He gained professional experience at the Universities of Jena and Cologne, the German Bundestag, the South Caucasus Office of the Konrad Adenauer Foundation and the Embassy of Georgia to the Federal Republic of Germany.


Publish Date:
16-12-2021
Mikheil Sarjveladze

Germany’s new federal government will not only decide the direction of German foreign policy but will also influence EU foreign policy. Alongside the transatlantic partnership, European integration and the European Union form the framework and direction of German foreign policy. Accordingly, the war over Nagorno-Karabakh in the autumn of 2020 between Armenia and Azerbaijan, and the resulting geopolitical shifts in the EU’s direct neighbourhood presented Germany, as a European power, with foreign policy challenges.

The EU could draw three main conclusions the from the war over Nagorno-Karabakh in the autumn of 2020: 1) International conflict mediation failed; 2) Systemic rival Russia expanded its influence in the South Caucasus, although its dominance is challenged by Turkey; and 3) The EU’s room for manoeuvre in the region was restricted, while authoritarian actors gained influence. Although these developments were foreseeable, neither Berlin nor Brussels were able to prevent them. Germany’s ambivalent foreign policy towards its eastern EU neighbours, which questions Germany’s leading role within the EU in shaping its Ostpolitik, needs a reorientation, not through continuity, but through renewal. Berlin, as a key player in the EU will be able to act as a driving force in the context of EU foreign policy towards the South Caucasus as well as the EU’s eastern neighbours in general, and to take on more international responsibility.

 

Policy Paper #25, December 2021

Author

  • Mikheil Sarjveladze is a visiting scholar at the German Institute for International and Security Affairs (SWP). At SWP he researches the foreign policy of the South Caucasian countries in the context of the disintegration of the post-Soviet space. Mikheil Sarjveladze holds a PhD in political science from the University of Cologne and a Master’s degree in politics and history of the 20th century from the University of Jena. Mikheil Sarjveladze studied German Language/Literature and Social Sciences at Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University and University of Gießen. He gained professional experience at the Universities of Jena and Cologne, the German Bundestag, the South Caucasus Office of the Konrad Adenauer Foundation and the Embassy of Georgia to the Federal Republic of Germany.

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Mikheil Sarjveladze

Mikheil Sarjveladze is a visiting scholar at the German Institute for International and Security Affairs (SWP). At SWP he researches the foreign policy of the South Caucasian countries in the context of the disintegration of the post-Soviet space. Mikheil Sarjveladze holds a PhD in political science from the University of Cologne and a Master’s degree in politics and history of the 20th century from the University of Jena. Mikheil Sarjveladze studied German Language/Literature and Social Sciences at Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University and University of Gießen. He gained professional experience at the Universities of Jena and Cologne, the German Bundestag, the South Caucasus Office of the Konrad Adenauer Foundation and the Embassy of Georgia to the Federal Republic of Germany.